Urology is the branch of medicine and physiology concerned with the function and disorders of the urinary system for both males and females. Medical professionals specializing in the field of urology are called urologists and are trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with urological disorders.
Urination frequency varies according to a number of factors, although for most people going four times a day is typical. More frequent urination or waking up at night to go to the bathroom could mean either a health problem or you may be drinking too much before bedtime.
Generally you may require a referral to see a Urologist. Different medical plans have varying requirements for seeing a specialist, but in many cases you will need a referral from your primary care doctor. Patients may also choose to skip their GP and come direct to a specialist.
- Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs.
- Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin.
- Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity.
- Pain on urination.
- Pink, red or brown urine.
- Cloudy or foul-smelling urine.
- Nausea and vomiting
Small kidney stones that don't block your kidney or cause other problems can be treated by your family doctor, however if you have a large kidney stones and experience severe pain or kidney problems, your doctor may refer you to a urologist.
- Urologist will request you to provide a urine specimen
- We will need to record your detailed medical history and you will need to provide a complete list of all your medications
- The urologist will perform a physical exam
- After the examination, the urologist will discuss a treatment plan
- Your urologist may order imaging studies